Keynote Speech

Keynote Speech I:
 
When Medical Mechatronics meets Wearable Technology

Professor Ming-yih Lee
Professor and Chair, Graduate Institute of Medical Mechatronics, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan


Location: Room-200, Building-3, SEIEE Building, Minhang Campus, SJTU
Time: Monday, December 22, 2014 (9.30-10.10)

Abstract:
In this talk, the challenge of aging population and new thoughts of healthy aging will be introduced. Recently, the medical mechatronics technologies used for medical device innovation is shifting to new directions for enabling the human functions and identifying the earliest markers of age related diseases. By merging wearable technology, the wearable “rigid” Medical Mechatronics (WRMM) and wearable “soft” Medical Mechatronics (WSMM) for bio-medical and health engineering applications will be defined. The exoskeleton bionic devices / systems and smart textiles / clothes for bio-medical and health applications will be elaborated. Open research areas in wearable medical mechatronics will be suggested.

Speaker Biography:
Education & Training
1991 Ph.D. of Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, USA
1984 M.S. of Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, USA
Professional memberships
Fellow, IET, Member, IEEE
Selected papers
[1] C.H.Chen, Victor B.H.Shyu, J.P.Chen and M.Y.Lee (corresponding author), 2014,” Selective Laser Sintered Poly (ε-caprolactone) Scaffold Hybridized With Collagen Gel for Cartilage Tissue Engineering,” Biofabrication, DOI: 10.1088/1758-5082/6/1/015004, January 2014 (SCI; IF=3.705; Rank 8/79 in Engineering, Biomedical).
[2] H.T.Liao, M.Y.Lee (corresponding author), W.W.Tsai, H.C.Wang, W.C.Lu, 2013, “Osteogenesis Of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells On Polycaprolactone/β-Tricalcium Phosphate Scaffold Fabricated Via Selective Laser Sintering And Surface Coating With Collagen Type I,”J of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, DOI: No.10.1002/term.1811, July 2013 (SCI; IF=2.826; Rank 14/79 in Engineering, Biomedical).
[3] M.Y.Lee, W.W.Tsai, Z.H.Tang, H.J.Chen, J.P.Chen, C.H.Chen, J.An, 2013,”Laser sintered porous polycaprolacone scaffolds loaded with hyaluronic acid and gelatin-grafted thermoresponsive hydrogel for cartilage tissue engineering,” Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering, DOI: 10.3233/BME-130767, May 2013 (SCI; IF=1.087;Rank 58/79 in Engineering, Biomedical).
[4] M.Y. Wu, M.Y. Lee, C.C. Lin, Y.S. Changa, F.C. Tsai, P.J. Lin, 2012,”Resuscitation of Non-Postcardiotomy Cardiogenic Shock rr Cardiac Arrest with Extracorporeal Life Support: the Role of Bridging to Intervention”, Resuscitation, Vol. 83, pp.976-981, Jan. 2012.(SCI; IF=4.104; Rank 2/25 in Emergency Medicine).
[5] M.Y.Lee, S.W. Liu, J.P.Chen, H.T. Laio, W.W.Tsai and H.C. Wang, 2011,”In vitro experiments on laser sintered porous PCL scaffolds with polymer hydrogel for bone repair,” Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology (JMMB), Vol.11, No.5, pp.983-992, Dec. 2011, DOI:10.1142/S0219519411004885 (SCI; IF=0.758; Rank 63/79 in Engineering, Biomedical ).
[6] W.W. Tsai, M.Y.Lee (corresponding author), W.L. Yeh, S.C. Cheng, K.S. Soon, K.F. Lei, W.Y. Lin, 2011, “A Quantitative Method for Evaluating Inferior Glenohumeral Joint Stiffness Using Ultrasonography,” Medical Engineering & Physics (MEP), DOI:10.1016/j.medengphy.2011.10.007,Vol.35, pp.236-240, October 2011 (SCI; IF=1.779;Rank 34/79 in Engineering, Biomedical).



Keynote Speech II:
 
Soft Robotics – the Next Generation of Intelligent Machines

Professor Rolf Pfeifer
Visiting Chair Professor, Department of Automation, Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Location: Room-200, Building-3, SEIEE Building, Minhang Campus, SJTU
Time: Monday, December 22, 2014 (10.10-10.50)

Abstract:
Over the past decade or so, robots have started to leave the factory floors and to move into our own living space – shopping centers, schools, downtown areas, homes, and hospitals – which, in contrast to manufacturing sites, are characterized by rapid changes and limited predictability. Because safety, reactivity, and adaptivity are key factors in such environments, in particular in the medical and assistive domains, the next generation of robots will be of the “soft” kind, literally soft to touch, but also soft, smooth, and agreeable in the interaction. This requires a fundamentally new conceptualization of intelligence based on the notion of “embodiment”. “Embodiment” designates the insight that intelligence is not localized in the brain, but emerges from the interaction between brain, body and environment. This is especially important for soft systems because there part of the functionality is incorporated into the material properties, a phenomenon called “morphological computation.” In the presentation these ideas will be elaborated with many examples, including Roboy, a prominent representative of the soft robot species. I will conclude with a summary of some recent trends in robotics.

Speaker Biography:
Rolf Pfeifer is currently a “Visiting Chair Professor,” at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. He is a member of the board of several Artifical Intelligence and Robotics companies, co-founder the National Competence Center Robotics, Switzerland, and Prof. em. of the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, University of Zurich.
He has a master’s degree in physics and mathematics and a Ph.D. in computer science (1979) from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Switzerland. From 1987-2014 he was a professor of computer science at the University of Zurich and director of the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He was a visiting professor and research fellow at the Free University of Brussels, the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in Cambridge, Mass. (US), the Neurosciences Institute (NSI) in San Diego, the Beijing Open Laboratory for Cognitive Science, the Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, the University of São Paolo, Brasil, and the Sony Computer Science Laboratory in Paris. In 2004 he was elected “21st Century COE Professor, Information Science and Technology, Strategic Core” at the University of Tokyo. In 2009 he was a visiting professor at the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna in Pisa, and at Shanghai Jiao Tong University in China and was appointed “Fellow of the School of Engineering” at the University of Tokyo.
He is a pioneer of the fields of “embodied intelligence” and “soft robotics” which are now rapidly gaining importance and have already had a decisive impact on of artificial intelligence and robotics. His book “How the body shapes the way we think” has been published in English, Japanese, Chinese, Arabaic, and French. He developed the humanoid robot “Roboy,” which has attracted world-wide media attention, and he is currently pursuing the “Robolounge” project, where robots will take care of the well-being of the customers, to be launched in an Asian metropolis in 2015/2016.



Keynote Speech III:
 
Therapeutic Applications of Electromagnetic Waves

Professor Koichi Ito
Center for Frontier Medical Engineering, Chiba University, Japan



Location: Room-200, Building-3, SEIEE Building, Minhang Campus, SJTU
Time: Monday, December 22, 2014 (13.30-14.10)

Abstract:
In recent years, various types of medical applications of electromagnetic waves have widely been investigated and reported. Typical recent applications include:
(1) Information transmission:
- RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) / Wearable or Implantable monitor
- Wireless telemedicine / Mobile health system
(2) Diagnosis:
- High intensity MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
- Microwave CT (Computed Tomography) / Radiometry
(3) Treatment:
- Thermal therapy (Hyperthermia, ablation, etc)
- Surgical device (Coagulation device, microwave knife, etc)
In this presentation, microwave techniques for medical treatment, which employ thermal effect of electromagnetic waves, are introduced. Firstly, a coaxial-slot antenna and an array applicator composed of several coaxial-slot antennas for minimally invasive microwave thermal therapy are overviewed. A few results of actual clinical trials by use of coaxial-slot antennas are demonstrated from a technical point of view. Other therapeutic applications of coaxial-slot antennas such as hyperthermic treatment for brain tumor and intracavitary hyperthermia for bile duct carcinoma are also briefly introduced. Secondly, a few different types of surgical devices using high power microwave energy, including a new coagulation device which has two functions of coagulating and cutting biological tissue, are introduced. Heating characteristics of such microwave surgical devices are evaluated by numerical calculation and some experiments.

Speaker Biography:
Education & Training
1985 D. Eng. of Electrical Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology
1976 M. Eng. of Electrical Engineering, Chiba University
Professional memberships
2007 Fellow, IEICE (Japan)
2005 Fellow, IEEE
1987 Member, Japanese Society for Thermal Medicine
Selected papers
[1] Mizuki Inoue, Kazuyuki Saito, Masaharu Takahashi, and Koichi Ito,“Development of Coagulation Device for Biological Tissue using Microwave Energy,” IEICE Transactions on Communications C, vol.J97-C, no.5, pp.218-224, May 2014.
[2] Shogo Tsuzaki, Kazuyuki Saito, Masaharu Takahashi, and Koichi Ito, “Development of antenna for wireless power transmission to capsular endoscope,” IEICE Communications Express, vol.3, No.4 pp.138-143, Apr. 2014.
[3] Ho-Yu Lin, Masaharu Takahashi, Kazuyuki Saito, and Koichi Ito, “Characteristics of electric field and radiation pattern on different locations of the human body for in-body wireless communication,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.61, no.10, pp.5350-5354, Oct. 2013.
[4] Nozomi Haga, Kazuyuki Saito, Masaharu Takahashi, and Koichi Ito, “Equivalent circuit of intrabody communication channels inducing conduction currents inside the human body,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.61, no.5, pp.2807-2816, May 2013.
[5] Chia-Hsien Lin, Kazuyuki Saito, Masaharu Takahashi, and Koichi Ito, “A Compact Planar Inverted-F Antenna for 2.45 GHz On-Body Communications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.60, no.9, pp.4422-4426, Sept. 2012.
[6] Koichi Ito, Nozomi Haga, Masaharu Takahashi, and Kazuyuki Saito, “Evaluations of Body-Centric Wireless Communication Channels in a Range From 3MHz to 3 GHz,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 100, no. 7, pp. 2356-2363, July 2012.
[7] Nacer Chahat, Maxim Zhadobov, Ronan Sauleau, and Koichi Ito, “A compact UWB antenna for on-body applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.59, no.4, pp.1123-1131, Apr. 2011.



Keynote Speech IV:
 
Metamaterials-Based Coils in MRI Applications

Professor Zhining Chen
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore
Institute for Infocomm Research, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore

Location: Room-200, Building-3, SEIEE Building, Minhang Campus, SJTU
Time: Monday, December 22, 2014 (14.10-14.50)

Abstract:
Purpose:
This talk will review and report the latest progress in the coil designs for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems using the latest developed metamaterial-based technology.
Methods:
In MRI systems, the design of coils is important for a high resolution imaging. The coils play an important role as a sensor to collect the radio frequency signals for imaging process. Conventionally, the coils have been designed a solid loop or loops. Enhancing the magnetic field strength by designing the coils can increase the signal to noise ratio so that the resolution of imaging will be enhanced. On the other hand, metamaterials as a new physical concept, have recently been proposed to realize unique electromagnetic (EM) properties which are not readily found in any natural materials. Using metamaterials, the magnetic field can be controlled for desired distribution. Therefore, it is very promising for us to introduce the metamaterials-based technologies in coil designs for the enhancement of MRI systems.
Results:
So far, the metamaterials structures have been used in enhancing the strength of near-magnetic field of single loop and arrays as a reflector or/and lens as well as a magnetic field relay. The clinic test has verified this enhancement.
Conclusions:
The coil is one of the most important designs in MRI system for high resolution. The recent work has clearly demonstrated that the applications of the physical concept of metamaterials will open a new window for developing innovative coils. The metamaterials-based structure can be used as reflectors, lens and relays for controlling the magnetic fields in near-field zones.
Challenges and future requirements:
The major technical challenges to apply metamaterials-based technologies in the design of coils for MRI systems include
A. The specific metamaterials design for desired EM properties such negative index, zero index even high permeability with very low ohmic loss at radio frequencies;
B. Clearly defined requirements for the coils for particular applications; and
C. The integration of the metamaterials-based coils into MRI circuits for performance enhancement at a system level.
The work has been significantly contributed by Dr Xianming Qing, Dr S. Sendhil Velan, Dr Siew Bee Yeap and Dr Mei Sun from Agency of Science, Technology and Research (A*Star), Singapore, financially supported by the project entitled “Metamaterial-based RF coils for MRI” funded by A*Star Joint Council Office Grant (ID No: 1331A003)

Speaker Biography:
Education & Training
2003 D. Eng. of Electrical Engineering, University of Tsukuba, Japan
1993 D. Eng. of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Communications Engineering, China
1988 M. Eng. of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Communications Engineering, China
1985 B. Eng. of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Communications Engineering, China
Professional memberships
2007 Fellow, IEEE
Selected papers
[1] Nasimuddin, Z. N. Chen, and X. Qing, “Substrate integrated metamaterial-based leaky wave antenna with improved boresight radiation bandwidth,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 61, no. 7, pp. 3451-3457, July 2013
[2] Nasimuddin, Z. N. Chen, and X. Qing, “Slotted microstrip antennas for circular polarization with compact size,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol.61, no.2, pp.124-137, April 2013
[3] J. Xu, Z. N. Chen, and X. Qing, “270-GHz LTCC-Integrated Strip-Loaded Linearly Polarized Radial Line Slot Array Antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol.61, no.4 (Part I), pp.1794-1801, April 2013
[4] J. Xu, Z. N. Chen, and X. Qing, “140-GHz TE20-Mode Dielectric-Loaded SIW Slot Antenna Array in LTCC,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol.61, no.4 (Part I), pp.1784-1793, April 2013
[5] J. Xu, Z. N. Chen, and X. Qing, “270-GHz LTCC-Integrated High Gain Cavity-Backed Fresnel Zone Plate Lens Antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol.61, no.4 (Part I), pp.1679-1687, April 2013
[6] M. Sun, X. Qing, and Z. N. Chen, “Gain Enhancement of 60-GHz Antipodal Tapered Slot Antenna Using Zero-Index Metamaterial,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol.61, no.4 (Part I), pp.1741-1746, April 2013
[7] M. Sun, X. Qing, and Z. N. Chen, “60-GHz End-fire Fan-like Antennas with Wide Beamwidth,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol.61, no.4 (Part I), pp.1616-1622, April 2013
[8] C. J. You, Z. N. Chen, X. W. Zhu, and K. Gong, “Single-layered SIW Post-loaded Electric Coupling-Enhanced Structure and Its Filter Applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol.61, no.1,Pt. 1, pp. 125–130, January 2013



Keynote Speech V:
 
Wireless Medical – An Important Application for IT Technologies – A Case Study for Computer Aided Orthopedic Surgery

Professor Zhihua Wang
Institute of Microelectronics, Tsinghua University, China

Location: Room-200, Building-3, SEIEE Building, Minhang Campus, SJTU
Time: Tuesday, December 23, 2014 (9.00-9.40)

Abstract:
With the improvement of medical and living standards, the extension of human life rapidly, population aging society is accelerating. Information services, medical and health care will certainly be combined to change the way people live. In the same time, the information industry, medical and health care service themselves are bring about change. This report started with the comparison of the semiconductor and the medical device industry market, illustrating the medical applications will be an important direction of integrated circuits and system design and IT technologies. Began at discussion of the information services on the Internet, the necessary requirements to provide mobile medical and healthcare services are proposed witch are the accurate, reliable and complete (ARC) ways to make measurement of life and health information could been provided. Further suggestions to achieve such ARC comprehensive measurements of the life and health information in home and a mobile environment are to make medical devices miniaturization, intelligence and electrify.
The case studies for computer aided orthopedic surgery are described including the integrated circuit design for the monitoring of the total knee and hip replacement surgeries. A few references are given in the tutorial including papers and patents.

Speaker Biography:
Zhihua Wang (M’99-SM’04) received the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electronic engineering from Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, in 1983, 1985, and 1990, respectively. In 1983, he joined the faculty at Tsinghua University, where he is a Full Professor since 1997 and Deputy Director of Institute of Microelectronics since 2000. From 1992 to 1993, he was a visiting scholar at Carnegie Mellon University. From 1993 to 1994, he was a Visiting Researcher at KU Leuven, Belgium. His current research mainly focuses on CMOS RF IC and biomedical applications. His ongoing work includes RFID, PLL, low-power wireless transceivers, and smart clinic equipment with combination of leading edge CMOS RFIC and digital imaging processing techniques. He is co-authors of 10 books and book chapters, more than 90 paper in international Journals and over 300 papers in international Conferences. He is holding 58 Chinese patents and 4 US patent.
Prof. Wang has served as Deputy Chairman of Beijing Semiconductor Industries Association and ASIC Society of Chinese Institute of Communication, as well as Deputy Secretary General of Integrated Circuit Society in China Semiconductor Industries Association. He had been one of the chief scientists of the China Ministry of Science and Technology serves on the expert committee of the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863 Program) in the area of information science and technologies from 2007 to 2011. He had been an official member of China Committee for the Union Radio-Scientifque Internationale (URSI) during 2000 to 2010. He was the chairman of IEEE Solid-State Circuit Society Beijing Chapter during 1999-2009. He served as a technologies program committee member of the IEEE International Solid-State Circuit Conference (ISSCC) from 2005 to 2011. He has been a steering committee member of the IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuit Conference (A-SSCC) since 2005 and has served as the technical program chair for the 2013 A-SSCC. He served as a Guest Editor for IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS Special Issue in December 2006, December 2009 and November 2014. He is an Associate Editor for IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS and IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS — PART II: EXPRESS BRIEFS.